Known for movies

Short Info

DiedMarch 30, 2002, Windsor, United Kingdom
SpouseGeorge VI
MarkAlways wore pastel clothes, a hat and pearls
FactHer favorite actor was John Wayne.


Elizabeth Angela Marguerite Bowes-Lyon (4 August 1900 – 30 March 2002) was the wife of King George VI and the mother of Queen Elizabeth II and Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon. She was the last Empress consort of India.

Born into a family of British nobility, she came to prominence in 1923 when she married Albert, Duke of York, the second son of King George V and Queen Mary. The couple and their daughters embodied traditional ideas of family and public service. She undertook a variety of public engagements and became known as the “Smiling Duchess” because of her consistent public expression.

After the death of her husband in 1936, she was widowed at the age of 36. Her elder daughter, Elizabeth, ascended the throne two years later, making her the Queen Mother. During World War II, she was one of the two matriarchs of the British royal family, along with Queen Mary. She abandoned Buckingham Palace on the advice of her husband and spent much of the war at Windsor Castle, where she played host to the king and queen’s wartime meetings with Winston Churchill. After the war, she was widowed again in 1952 when her daughter-in-law and younger daughter died in an airplane crash.

The Queen Mother continued to perform her public duties and represented her daughter on several occasions in various countries. She died at the age of 101 years, 238 days, making her the longest-lived member of the British royal family in history.

The Queen Mother was born Elizabeth Angela Marguerite Bowes-Lyon on 4 August 1900 at St Paul’s Waldenbury Manor in Hertfordshire, England. She was the youngest daughter and ninth child of Claude Bowes-Lyon, 14th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, and his wife, Cecilia Cavendish-Bentinck. Her mother was the eldest daughter of William Cavendish-Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland, and his wife, Louise Holland-Martin. As such, Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon was a great-great granddaughter of both George III and William Cavendish-Bentinck, 2nd Duke of Portland, prime minister in 1783.

Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon had an older sister, Rose; two younger sisters, Nerissa and Kathleen; and five younger brothers: Claude, Patrick, Michael, John and David. Nerissa and Kathleen were twins; they were born three years after Elizabeth. The family lived at Glamis Castle in Scotland until 1904, when Claude Bowes-Lyon inherited the Strathmore estate near Melton Mowbray in Leicestershire. The earl originally intended to pass the estate to one of his sons upon his death, but after their deaths in infancy he instead settled it upon Elizabeth upon her 18th birthday.

Elizabeth was educated at home by a governess until the age of eight. She later attended a girls’ boarding school in Kensington before being presented at court by her mother in 1916. In October 1922, Elizabeth was engaged to marry Albert, Duke of York, the second son of King George V and Queen Mary. The couple were related through both their great-grandfathers: they were third cousins once removed through Prince Albert Edward (later Edward VII), and second cousins once removed through John Campbell, Marquess of Lorne (later 9th Duke of Argyll). The wedding took place on 26 April 1923 at Westminster Abbey. Elizabeth’s gown was designed by Norman Hartnell and she wore the Strathmore Emerald Tiara, which belonged to her mother.

The couple had two children: Elizabeth (later Queen Elizabeth II) and Margaret (later Countess of Snowdon). Elizabeth became queen when her husband ascended the throne as George VI following the abdication of his brother, Edward VIII, in December 1936. Margaret was born six years later in 1930.

The outbreak of World War II brought the royal family closer together as they remained in London during the Blitz while much of the aristocracy fled to their country estates. The king and queen frequently visited bomb sites and factories to boost morale among the British people. The queen also made regular visits to hospitals to talk with patients and staff. In May 1940, she famously declared that “the children will not go without me; I will not leave without the King; and neither will he leave without me”.

In September 1940, Buckingham Palace was hit by German bombs during The Blitz. The king and queen continued to reside there throughout the war, although they often slept at Windsor Castle to avoid the bombs. The royal family’s courage during The Blitz boosted morale among the British people and strengthened their resolve to win the war.

After the war ended in 1945, the royal family resumed their public duties with renewed vigour. In 1947, they undertook a six-month tour of South Africa which was widely seen as a success. The following year, they toured Australia and New Zealand. In 1953, they embarked on a six-month tour of Canada which was also successful.

The queen continued to perform her public duties until her death in 2002 at the age of 101 years, 238 days. She is survived by her daughter, Queen Elizabeth II; her grandson, Prince Charles; and her great-grandchildren: Prince William, Duke of Cambridge; Prince George of Cambridge; Princess Charlotte of Cambridge; Prince Louis of Cambridge; Prince Harry, Duke of Sussex; Meghan Markle, Duchess of Sussex; and Archie Harrison Mountbatten-Windsor.

General Info

Full NameQueen Elizabeth The Queen Mother
DiedMarch 30, 2002, Windsor, United Kingdom
NationalityBritish

Family

SpouseGeorge VI
ChildrenElizabeth II, Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon
ParentsClaude Bowes-Lyon, 14th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, Cecilia Bowes-Lyon, Countess of Strathmore and Kinghorne
SiblingsMary Elphinstone, Lady Elphinstone, John Bowes-Lyon, David Bowes-Lyon, Rose Leveson-Gower, Countess Granville, Fergus Bowes-Lyon, Patrick Bowes-Lyon, 15th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, Violet Bowes-Lyon, Alexander Francis Bowes-Lyon, Michael Claude Hamilton Bowes-Lyon

Accomplishments

AwardsRoyal Victorian Chain

Social profile links

Marks

#Marks / Signs
1Always wore pastel clothes, a hat and pearls

Quotes

#Quote
1Cowards falter, but danger is often overcome by those who nobly dare.

Facts

#Fact
1Her favourite comedy performers were Frankie Howerd and The Crazy Gang and she was a big fan of the sitcom Dad's Army (1968).
2Attended the Royal Variety Performance on November 24th, 1986 where she saw among other things David Jason, Nicholas Lyndhurst and Buster Merryfield in character as Del Boy, Rodney Trotter and Uncle Albert from Only Fools and Horses.... (1981) in a four-minute sketch written by the show's creator, John Sullivan, where she was mistaken for Del's employer. When she waved to Jason, he almost dried because he wasn't expecting that. When they later met her, she said thank you; Jason was deeply touched, for five seconds when she said the exact same thing in the exact same tone to everyone else in the line. But Jason still said it was a lovely interlude.
3Her funeral preparations began back in 1969.
4Is portrayed by Helena Bonham Carter in The King's Speech (2010). Writer David Seidler, who suffered from a stutter as a child, found inspiration in her husband King George VI's ability to overcome it, and asked her permission to write a play about it. Elizabeth gave her permission on one condition: it could not be produced until after her death, as she found the memories quite painful. Seidler agreed, and after her death, producers found his script for a play and proposed turning into a film instead.
5Upon the death of her husband, 'King George VI' (q), in 1952 she took up residence in the Royal Lodge at Windsor.
6Held the office of Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports from 1978 to 2002 (her death), succeeding Sir Robert Gordon Menzies and Sir Winston Churchill to this ancient post.
7Was a fourth cousin of Oswald Mosley.
8She was awarded the C.C. (Companion of the Order of Canada) on August 1, 2000 for her services to Canada.
9Her favorite actor was John Wayne.
10Sister of David Bowes-Lyon.
11The fourth daughter and the ninth of ten children of the 14th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne.
12Born at her father's summer home.
13Her older brother, Fergus, was killed at the Battle of Loos. Another brother, Michael, was reported missing in action in May 1917. But he had actually been captured after being wounded and remained in a POW camp for the rest of the War.
14On her wedding day, Elizabeth laid her bouquet at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier on her way into Westminster Abbey, a gesture that every royal bride since has copied, though on the way back from the altar rather than to it.
15When Prince Albert, the future King George VI, proposed to Elizabeth in 1921, she turned him down: "afraid never, never again to be free to think, speak and act as I feel I really ought to." When he declared he would marry no other, his mother, the formidable Queen Mary - after visiting Glamis to see for herself the girl who had stolen her son's heart - arranged for Albert's rival, the Earl of Moray, to be conveniently dispatched to a post overseas, clearing the prince's way.
16Adolf Hitler called her Europe's most dangerous woman for her ability to boost the morale of the British people during the London blitz.
17Died less than two months after the death of her daughter, Princess Margaret, who died on February 7, 2002, of a stroke.
18Became Queen Consort on husband King George VI's accession to the throne in December 1936.
19Grandchildren: 'Prince Charles' (b. 14 November 1948), Princess Anne (b. 12 August 1950), Prince Andrew (b. 19 February 1960), David Armstrong-Jones [Viscount Linley] (b. 3 November 1961), Prince Edward (Edward Wessex) (b. 10 March 1964) and Lady Sarah Armstrong-Jones (b. 1 May 1964).
20Had 2 children: Elizabeth Alexandra Mary (Queen Elizabeth II) (b. 21 April 1926) and Princess Margaret Rose (b. 21 August 1930).
21Great-grandchildren: Peter Phillips (b. 15 November 1977), Zara Phillips (b. 15 May 1981), Prince William (b. 21 June 1982), Prince Harry Windsor (b. 15 September 1984), Princess Beatrice of York (b. 8 August 1988), Princess Eugenie of York (b. 23 March 1990) and Lady Louise Windsor (b. 8 November 2003). Viscount Severn (b. 17 December 2007).
22Was of Scottish heritage.
23Fluent in French.
24Was the first member of the British royal family to reach age 100.
25After the accession of her daughter to the throne as Queen Elizabeth II, she was given the title of Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother.

Pictures

Movies

Soundtrack

TitleYearStatusCharacter
The Autobiography of a 'Jeep'1943Documentary short performer: "God Save the King!"

Self

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Reputations1999TV Series documentaryHerself
Crown and Country1998TV Series documentaryHerself (Warden of the Cinque Ports) (as The Queen Mother)
Diana: The Nation's Farewell1997TV MovieHerself
Biography1996TV Series documentaryHerself
The Royal Variety Performance 19821982TV MovieHerself
The Royal Variety Performance 19701970TV MovieHerself
Biography1962TV Series documentaryHerself
The Royal Variety Performance 19611961TV MovieHerself
Pathfinder1960TV Movie documentaryHerself
The Queen's Plate1959Short documentaryHerself (as The Queen Mother)
Welcome Your Majesty1958ShortHerself
A Royal Occasion at the University of London1957TV Movie documentaryHerself
Melbourne 1956: Games of the XVI Olympiad1956TV Mini-SeriesHerself
A Queen Is Crowned1953DocumentaryHerself - The Queen Mother
Over the Seas to Belfast1946Documentary shortHerself (as Queen Elizabeth)
The Memphis Belle: A Story of a Flying Fortress1944DocumentaryHerself - Congratulates Crew of Memphis Belle
Listen to Britain1942Documentary shortHerself - in Audience (uncredited)
The Royal Parks1940Documentary shortHerself
London Can Take It!1940Documentary shortHerself - with Bombed Londoners (uncredited)
The Royal Visit1939DocumentaryHerself
Coronation of Their Majesties King George VI and Queen Elizabeth1937Documentary shortHerself

Archive Footage

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Dear Eleanor2016Herself
Elizabeth at 90: A Family Tribute2016TV Movie documentaryHerself
Our Queen at Ninety2016TV Movie documentaryHerself
Secret History2015TV Series documentaryHerself
Million Dollar American Princesses2015TV Mini-SeriesHerself
The Roosevelts: An Intimate History2014TV Series documentaryHerself
The '80s: The Decade That Made Us2013TV Mini-Series documentaryHerself
100 Years of the Royal Variety Performance2012TV Movie documentaryHerself
A Jubilee Tribute to the Queen by the Prince of Wales2012TV Movie documentaryHerself
Edward & George: Two Brothers, One Throne2012DocumentaryHerself
The 70s2012TV Series documentaryHerself
The Diamond Queen2012TV Series documentaryHerself
The Unforgettable Rod Hull2012TV Movie documentaryHerself (uncredited)
The Queen's Palaces2011TV Mini-Series documentaryHerself
George Harrison: Living in the Material World2011DocumentaryHerself
The Corrie Years2011TV Series documentaryHerself
Unlawful Killing2011DocumentaryHerself (uncredited)
Nazi Collaborators2010TV Mini-Series documentaryHerself
The Autobiography of Nicolae Ceausescu2010DocumentaryHerself
The Queen's Coronation: Behind Palace Doors2008TV Movie documentaryHerself
British Style Genius2008TV Series documentaryHerself
The Queen: A Life in Film2008Video documentaryHerself
Monarchy with David Starkey2007TV Series documentaryHerself
La tele de tu vida2007TV SeriesHerself
Best Ever Spitting Image2006TV Movie documentaryHerself (uncredited)
Die Zweite Republik - Eine unglaubliche Geschichte2005TV Series documentaryHerself
80s2005TV Series documentaryHerself
FDR: A Presidency Revealed2005TV Movie documentaryHerself
Timewatch2005TV Series documentaryHerself
Churchill's Bodyguard2005TV Series documentaryHerself
Di's Guys2004TV Mini-Series documentaryHerself
Living Famously2003TV Series documentaryHerself
Royal Deaths and Diseases2003TV Mini-Series documentaryHerself
The Story of Football2002Video documentaryHerself - 1946 FA Cup Final
The King of Communism: The Pomp & Pageantry of Nicolae Ceausescu2002TV Movie documentaryHerself
Bertie and Elizabeth2002TV MovieHerself (uncredited)
Heroes of Black Comedy2002TV Mini-Series documentaryHerself
Gladiators of World War II2002TV Series documentaryHerself
Hitler's Victory2002TV Movie documentaryHerself (as The Royal Family)
Prince of Wales: Kings in Waiting2000TV Movie documentaryHerself
Century of Queen Mother - 100 Years in 100 Minutes: A Celebration2000Video documentaryHerself
The Queen Mother: A Royal Century1999TV Movie documentaryHerself
Best of British1999TV SeriesHerself
Grey Owl1999Herself (uncredited)
The Second World War in Colour1999TV Mini-SeriesHerself
Nancherrow1999TV SeriesHerself
Nazis: The Occult Conspiracy1998DocumentaryHerself (uncredited)
Sworn to Secrecy: Secrets of War1998TV Series documentaryHerself
Dangerous Indiscretions: The Decline of the House of Windsor1998Video documentaryHerself
Lost Over Burma: Search for Closure1997DocumentaryHerself - Canadian Tour (uncredited)
Henry VIII1997TV Mini-Series documentaryHerself (uncredited)
A Web of War1996DocumentaryHerself (uncredited)
Secret Lives1996TV Series documentaryHerself
The Churchills1996TV Mini-Series documentaryHerself (uncredited)
The Beatles Story1996DocumentaryHerself
Churchill and the Cabinet War Rooms1995TV Movie documentaryHerself (uncredited)
Royal Family at War1995TV Movie documentaryHerself (uncredited)
The Beatles Anthology1995TV Mini-Series documentaryHerself
Arena1995TV Series documentaryHerself
D-Day, 6th June 1944: The Official Story1994TV Movie documentary
American Experience1994TV Series documentaryHerself
Songs That Won the War1994TV Movie documentaryHerself (on V-E Day) (uncredited)
The Day Today1994TV SeriesHerself
In Desperate Battle: Normandy 19441992TV Movie documentaryHerself (inspects Black Watch, wears maple leaf) (uncredited)
Death by Moonlight: Bomber Command1992TV Special documentaryHerself (uncredited)
Anglia at War1992TV Series documentaryHerself
A Year to Remember1991TV Series documentaryHerself
Memories of 1970-19911991TV Series documentaryHerself
The 1930's: Music, Memories & Milestones1988Video documentaryHerself - with George at Coronation
The 1940's: Music, Memories & Milestones1988Video documentaryHerself
The 1950's: Music, Memories & Milestones1988Video documentaryHerself
The Speeches of Winston Churchill1988Video documentaryHerself
The Defence of Canada1985TV Mini-SeriesHerself (dedicates Cenotaph in Ottawa, 1939) (uncredited)
The Rock 'n' Roll Years1985TV SeriesHerself
World in Action1984TV Series documentaryHerself
The World of Tomorrow1984DocumentaryHerself (uncredited)
Something to Celebrate1983DocumentaryHerself (at the Queen's Plate) (uncredited)
The Compleat Beatles1982Video documentaryHerself (with the Beatles) (uncredited)
Genocide1982DocumentaryHerself (uncredited)
The Man Who Saw Tomorrow1981Herself - After Coronation of George VI (uncredited)
The World at War1973-1974TV Mini-Series documentaryHerself - Buckingham Palace on balcony 1945 / Herself - Her Highness
And Now for Something Completely Different1971Herself (uncredited)
V.I.P.-Schaukel1971TV Series documentaryHerself
Lord Mountbatten: A Man for the Century1968TV Mini-Series documentaryHerself
The Other World of Winston Churchill1964TV Movie documentaryHerself - on V-E Day (uncredited)
Blitzkrieg1962Documentary shortHerself
Dusk1962Short documentaryHerself - in Ottawa with the King
Turn of the Tide1962Short documentaryHerself
Biography1962TV Series documentaryHerself
Project XX1959TV Series documentaryHerself - British Royal Family
Zwischen Glück und Krone1959DocumentaryHerself
I Never Forget a Face1956Short documentaryHerself (as Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon)
The End of the Affair1955Herself, 1945 (uncredited)
The Weaker Sex1948Herself (uncredited)
The Autobiography of a 'Jeep'1943Documentary shortHerself - Riding in a Jeep
The Battle of Britain1943DocumentaryHerself - Visits Bombed Londoners with the King (uncredited)
Atlantic Ferry1941The Queen Mother (uncredited)
The Lion Has Wings1939Herself (uncredited)

Source: IMDb, Wikipedia

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