Known for movies

Short Info

DiedApril 5, 1975, Taipei, Taiwan
SpouseSoong Mei-ling, Chen Jieru, Yao Yecheng, Mao Fumei

Chiang Kai-shek was a Chinese political and military leader who served as the head of state of the Republic of China between 1928 and 1975. He was a graduate of the Imperial Military Academy in Tokyo and the Baoding Military Academy in China. He served in various military and government posts in the early 1920s, including as commander of the Whampoa Military Academy. In 1926, he led the Northern Expedition to unify China and was proclaimed Generalissimo of the National Revolutionary Army. He served as Chairman of the National Military Council from 1928 to 1931. In 1931, he was appointed as the first Chairman of the National Government of the Republic of China.

Chiang Kai-shek was born on October 31, 1887, in the village of Xikou, in Fenghua County, Zhejiang Province, Qing Empire (now in Zhejiang Province, China). His father, Chiang Zhaocong, was a poor farmer who had lost his land in a flood. His mother, Wang Caiyu, was a devout Buddhist who had been widowed twice before marrying Chiang Zhaocong. Chiang Kai-shek had four brothers and three sisters. He was the second oldest child in the family.

Chiang Kai-shek’s father died when he was only two years old. His mother remarried when he was seven years old. His stepfather, Shen Dehong, was a strict disciplinarian who often beat him. As a result, Chiang Kai-shek developed a lifelong hatred of physical violence.

Chiang Kai-shek’s early education was provided by his mother and older siblings. He later attended primary school in Fenghua and secondary school in Ningbo. In 1902, he was sent to study at the First Provincial Middle School in Hangzhou.

In 1904, Chiang Kai-shek’s mother died of cancer. His stepfather died shortly afterwards. As a result, Chiang Kai-shek had to drop out of school and support himself financially. He found work as a clerk in a local bank.

In 1905, Chiang Kai-shek joined the Tongmenghui, a secret society founded by Sun Yat-sen. The Tongmenghui was dedicated to overthrowing the Qing Dynasty and establishing a republic in China.

In 1907, Chiang Kai-shek was arrested for his involvement in a plot to assassinate the governor of Zhejiang Province. He was sentenced to life imprisonment but was pardoned and released after only two years.

In 1911, the Qing Dynasty was overthrown in the Xinhai Revolution. Sun Yat-sen became the first president of the Republic of China. Chiang Kai-shek returned to China and joined the army of the Republic of China.

In 1913, Chiang Kai-shek graduated from the Baoding Military Academy. He rose quickly through the ranks of the military and became a general in 1923.

In 1926, Chiang Kai-shek led the Northern Expedition to unify China. The expedition was successful and Chiang Kai-shek became the head of state of China in 1928.

As head of state, Chiang Kai-shek faced many challenges. The most serious challenge was the Japanese invasion of China which began in 1931. Despite being outnumbered and outgunned, Chiang Kai-shek’s forces fought bravely against the Japanese invaders.

In 1937, Chiang Kai-shek’s wife, Soong Mei-ling, died of cancer. She was an important political ally and her death was a great loss to Chiang Kai-shek.

In 1945, Japan was defeated in World War II and China regained its independence. However, China soon descended into civil war between the Communist Party and the Nationalist Party.

In 1949, the Communist Party emerged victorious from the civil war and established the People’s Republic of China on the mainland. Chiang Kai-shek and his Nationalist Party retreated to Taiwan where they established the Republic of China.

Chiang Kai-shek remained president of the Republic of China on Taiwan until his death in 1975. He was succeeded by his son, Chiang Ching-kuo.

Chiang Kai-shek was a controversial figure. His critics accuse him of being a dictator who suppressed human rights and persecuted political opponents. His supporters credit him with unifying China and saving it from Japanese invasion.

Chiang Kai-shek had an estimated net worth of $1 billion at the time of his death in 1975.

General Info

Full NameChiang Kai-shek
DiedApril 5, 1975, Taipei, Taiwan
ProfessionGeneralissimo, Soldier, Warlord, Politician, Military Leader
EducationImperial Japanese Army Academy, Baoding Military Academy


SpouseSoong Mei-ling, Chen Jieru, Yao Yecheng, Mao Fumei
ChildrenChiang Ching-kuo, Chiang Wei-kuo, Mao Chi-kuo
ParentsJiang Zhaocong, Wang Caiyu
SiblingsChiang Jui-chun, Chiang Jui-lien


AwardsOrder of National Glory, Order of Blue Sky and White Sun, Legion of Merit

Social profile links



Fan dui zhe Chen Du Xiu 1879-19422012TV Series documentaryHimself
Men of Our Time1963TV Series documentaryHimself
Victory at Sea1953TV Series documentaryHimself
The People Between1947DocumentaryHimself
Universal Newsreel1945/VIIDocumentary shortHimself

Archive Footage

Blitz on London2014VideoHimself
The Untold History of the United States2012TV Series documentaryHimself - Chairman of the National Government of China
Mulberry Child2011DocumentaryHimself
World War II in Colour2010TV Series documentaryHimself
Hitler's Bodyguard2010TV Mini-Series documentaryHimself
Great Planes2008TV Series documentaryHimself
The Long March2007TV Movie documentaryHimself
Declassified2006TV Series documentaryHimself
Legendary Sin Cities2005TV Mini-Series documentaryHimself - Chinese Leader
Gladiators of World War II2002TV Series documentaryHimself
Biography1998-2001TV Series documentaryHimself
The Korean War: Fire and Ice1999TV Mini-Series documentaryHimself (uncredited)
Sworn to Secrecy: Secrets of War1998TV Series documentaryHimself
Secrets of World War II1998TV Mini-Series documentaryHimself
Cold War1998TV Mini-Series documentaryHimself
Our Time in Hell: The Korean War1997TV Movie documentaryHimself
China: A Century of Revolution1997DocumentaryHimself
Xie rou chang cheng1995TV SeriesHimself (uncredited)
The Century of Warfare1994TV Mini-Series documentaryHimself
China Rising: The Epic History of 20th Century China1992TV Mini-Series documentaryHimself (uncredited)
Vietnam: A Television History1983TV Series documentaryHimself (uncredited)
Has Anybody Here Seen Canada? A History of Canadian Movies 1939-19531979TV Movie documentaryHimself - Descends Stairs with Crowd (uncredited)
No Substitute for Victory1970DocumentaryHimself
Taiwan: Island of Freedom1963Documentary shortHimself
Navy Log1956TV SeriesHimself
Battle for China1953DocumentaryHimself (uncredited)
Crusade in the Pacific1951TV Series documentaryHimself
Crusade in Europe1949TV Series documentaryHimself
The Stilwell Road1945DocumentaryHimself
Attack in the Pacific1944DocumentaryHimself - Cairo Conference
Nostradamus IV1944ShortHimself (uncredited)
The Battle of China1944DocumentaryHimself
Inside Fighting China1942Documentary shortHimself
Mr. Blabbermouth!1942ShortHimself
Prelude to War1942DocumentaryHimself (as General Chaing Kai-Shek)
The 400 Million1939DocumentaryHimself (uncredited)
The Fight for Peace1938DocumentaryHimself (uncredited)

Source: IMDb, Wikipedia

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