Known for movies

Short Info

DiedJune 5, 1900, Badenweiler, Germany
SpouseCora Crane
FactAppears on sleeve of The Beatles' "Sgt Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club.

Stephen Crane was an American novelist, short story writer, poet and journalist. Crane was born in Newark, New Jersey, on November 1, 1871, the fourth child of Jonathan Townley Crane, a Methodist minister, and Mary Helen Peck Crane. His father’s work often took the family to different communities in New Jersey, including Port Jervis, Paterson and Asbury Park. As a result, Crane was educated in a variety of schools as a child. He began attending Claverack College in 1887, but left after a few months to take a job as a reporter for the New York Tribune.

Crane’s first novel, Maggie: A Girl of the Streets, was published in 1893. The book was not a success, but it did garner some attention for its realistic portrayal of poverty and life in the slums of New York City. In 1895, Crane published The Red Badge of Courage, which is considered his masterpiece. The novel is set during the American Civil War and tells the story of a young soldier’s experience of battle. The book was an instant success and made Crane famous.

In 1897, Crane moved to England, where he met and fell in love with Cora Taylor, the owner of a London brothel. The two lived together for several years and had a tempestuous relationship. In 1899, Crane published The Open Boat, a short story based on his own experience of surviving a shipwreck off the coast of Florida.

In 1900, Crane returned to the United States and settled in Jacksonville, Florida. He continued to write and publish stories and poems, but he also began to drink heavily and suffer from depression. In June 1900, Crane attempted suicide by shooting himself in the head. He survived but was left with a permanent disability.

Crane divorced Cora Taylor in 1902 and married Stella Miller the following year. The couple had two children, but their marriage was unhappy and they divorced in 1909.

In 1912, Crane embarked on a trip to Mexico with his friend Jack London. The trip was cut short when London became ill and had to return to the United States. Crane continued on to Cuba, where he contracted malaria. He returned to the United States and died on June 5, 1900, at the age of 28.

Crane was a prolific writer and is considered one of the most important American authors of the late 19th century. His work is known for its realism and naturalism.

General Info

Full NameStephen Crane
DiedJune 5, 1900, Badenweiler, Germany
ProfessionAuthor, Novelist, Journalist
EducationSyracuse University, Claverack College, The Pennington School, Lafayette College


SpouseCora Crane
ParentsJonathan Townley Crane, Mary Helen Peck Crane
SiblingsWilliam Howe Crane, Jonathan Townley Crane, Jr., Agnes Elizabeth Crane, Luther Peck Crane, Wilbur Fiske Crane, Mary Helen Crane, George Peck Crane, Edmund Brian Crane


MoviesThe Red Badge of Courage

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1[1900, reportedly is last words] Robert - when you come to the hedge - that we must all go over - it isn't so bad. You feel sleepy - and you don't care. Just a little dreamy anxiety - which world you're really in - that's all.


1He was nominated for the 2016 New Jersey Hall of Fame in the Arts and Letters category.
2His classic short story "The Open Boat" was inspired by an actual experience that occurred while he was a war correspondent. His ship having been sunk, he spent a week with a handful of other survivors in a lifeboat, some of it in rough weather. Most feel that it was during this period that he contracted the tuberculosis that lead to his early death at the age of 28.
3Appears on sleeve of The Beatles' "Sgt Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club.



An Illusion in Red & White2014Short short story
Stephen Crane's A Desertion2014Short original story
Tobruk2008novel "The Red Badge of Courage"
The Dark Riders2001Short poem
War is Kind: Poetry of the Civil War1999Video poetry written by
The Blue Hotel1997Short
The Blue Hotel1977TV Movie story
The Red Badge of Courage1974TV Movie novel
Das blaue Hotel1973TV Movie novel
Norman Corwin Presents1972TV Series story - 1 episode
Festival1961TV Series story - 1 episode
Face of Fire1959story "The Monster"
Schlitz Playhouse1957TV Series story - 1 episode
General Electric Theater1956TV Series story - 1 episode
Danger1955TV Series story - 1 episode
Your Favorite StoryTV Series story - 6 episodes, 1953 - 1954 story "The Bride Comes to Yellow Sky" - 1 episode, 1953
Face to Face1952story "The Bride Comes to Yellow Sky"
The Red Badge of Courage1951novel "The Red Badge of Courage"

Source: IMDb, Wikipedia

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