Known for movies

Short Info

DiedAugust 19, 1994, Big Sur, California, United States
SpouseAva Helen Pauling
FactScientist, social activist, and biochemist, often called the outstanding chemist of the twentieth century.

Linus Pauling was born on February 28, 1901, in Portland, Oregon. His parents were Henry and Lucy Pauling. He had two sisters, Mary and Clara. Pauling was a bright child and skipped several grades in school. He entered Oregon State University at the age of 15. Pauling was interested in chemistry from an early age. He conducted his first chemical experiment at the age of 10.

After graduating from college, Pauling went to work for a company that manufactured chemicals. He soon became interested in the structure of molecules and began doing research in this area. In 1925, Pauling married Ava Helen Miller. The couple had three children: Linus Jr. , Peter, and Linda. Pauling’s research led to the discovery of the structure of several important molecules, including hemoglobin and DNA.

He also did important work on the nature of the chemical bond. In 1954, Pauling was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on the nature of the chemical bond. In 1962, Pauling was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his work on behalf of world peace. Pauling died on August 19, 1994, at the age of 93.

General Info

Full NameLinus Pauling
DiedAugust 19, 1994, Big Sur, California, United States
ProfessionPhysicist, Biochemist, Quantum chemist
EducationCalifornia Institute of Technology, Washington High School, Oregon State University


SpouseAva Helen Pauling
ChildrenPeter Jeffress Pauling, Linda Helen, Edward Crellin Pauling, Linus Carl Pauling Jr.
ParentsHerman Henry William Pauling, Lucy Isabelle Darling
SiblingsPauline Darling Pauling, Frances Lucile Pauling


AwardsNobel Prize in Chemistry, Nobel Peace Prize, Davy Medal, Priestley Medal, Lenin Peace Prize, Willard Gibbs Award, National Medal of Science for Physical Science, Lomonosov Gold Medal, Irving Langmuir Award, NAS Award in Chemical Sciences, Gandhi Peace Award, Roebling Medal, Guggenheim Fellowship for...

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1If you want to have good ideas you must have many ideas. Most of them will be wrong, and what you have to learn is which ones to throw away.
2I recognize that many physicists are smarter than I am--most of them theoretical physicists. A lot of smart people have gone into theoretical physics, therefore the field is extremely competitive. I console myself with the thought that although they may be smarter and may be deeper thinkers than I am, I have broader interests than they have.
3I like people. I like animals, too - whales and quail, dinosaurs and dodos. But I like human beings especially, and I am unhappy that the pool of human germ plasm, which determines the nature of the human race, is deteriorating. [From his 1959 paper on the effect of radioactive fallout on heredity]


1Inducted into the Orthomolecular Medicine Hall of Fame in 2004 (inaugural class).
2Pictured on one of a set of four 41¢ USA commemorative postage stamps in the American Scientists series, issued 6 March 2008. Others honored in the series were John Bardeen, Edwin Hubble, and biochemist Gerty Cori.
3Activist who spoke publicly about the possible biological and genetic effects of radioactive fallout.
4In 1973, founded the Linus Pauling Institute of Science and Medicine, an independent nonprofit research and educational organization devoted to study of what he called orthomolecular medicine. He claimed that megadoses of vitamin C can prevent and cure a number of ills, from the common cold to cancer, and promote longevity.
5Became the only person ever to win two unshared Nobel awards when, in 1962, he received the Nobel Peace Prize for his antiwar activism and his protests against nuclear weapons testing.
6During the 1940s and 1950s, Pauling researched abnormal molecules and hereditary faults in body chemistry seeking the biochemical aspects of such disorders as schizophrenia and sickle-cell anemia.
7Pauling used the insights of quantum physics to theorize about a vibrating "resonance" within atoms which gives them the cohesiveness necessary for the molecular formations that bind all complex substances. This research allowed other scientists to unriddle the structure of DNA. For this work, he received the 1954 Nobel prize in chemistry.
8Scientist, social activist, and biochemist, often called the outstanding chemist of the twentieth century.
9In 1933 he became the youngest person ever to be elected to the National Academy of Sciences.
101954 and 1962 Nobel laureate.



3-2-1 Contact1983-1986TV SeriesHimself
Doomsday Chronicles1979DocumentaryHimself
Linus Pauling, Crusading Scientist1977DocumentaryHimself
The David Frost Show1971TV SeriesHimself
Interview with Linus Pauling1960DocumentaryHimself

Archive Footage

Horizon2004TV Series documentaryHimself
Silicon Valley: A 100 Year Renaissance1998TV Movie documentaryHimself
3-2-1 Contact1987TV SeriesHimself

Source: IMDb, Wikipedia

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