Known for movies

Short Info

DiedMarch 25, 1951, Charlotte, North Carolina, United States
SpouseAlice B. Russell, Orlean McCracken
FactReceived a star on Hollywood Boulevard in 1987.


Oscar Micheaux was an African American author, film director and producer. He is the most prolific black filmmaker of the first half of the twentieth century. He made over 44 films between 1919 and 1948, including race films, westerns and documentaries. His films tackled controversial subjects such as miscegenation and lynching.

Micheaux was born in Metropolis, Illinois on January 2, 1884. His parents were former slaves who had migrated to the Midwest from Kentucky. Micheaux had seven siblings. He attended a rural one-room schoolhouse for his primary education. He later attended high school in Champaign, Illinois.

Micheaux began his career as a homesteader in South Dakota. He eventually turned to writing novels about the African American experience. His first novel, The Homesteader (1917), was based on his own experiences as a homesteader. It was the first novel by an African American to be published by a major publisher.

Micheaux’s novels were popular with African American readers. They often featured strong, independent black women protagonists. In 1919, Micheaux turned to filmmaking with the release of The Homesteader. It was the first feature film directed by an African American.

Micheaux’s films were popular with black audiences. They were often critical of white society and its treatment of African Americans. Micheaux’s films were sometimes banned by white-owned theaters. In spite of this, he continued to make films until his death in 1951.

Oscar Micheaux was a groundbreaking African American filmmaker who made over 44 films between 1919 and 1948. He is best known for his controversial race films which tackled subjects such as miscegenation and lynching. Micheaux was also a successful novelist, penning such works as The Homesteader (1917), which was the first novel by an African American to be published by a major publisher.

General Info

Full NameOscar Micheaux
DiedMarch 25, 1951, Charlotte, North Carolina, United States
ProfessionFilm director, Author, Businessperson, Film producer, Screenwriter
NationalityAmerican

Family

SpouseAlice B. Russell, Orlean McCracken
ParentsCalvin S. Michaux, Belle Michaux
SiblingsOlive Michaux Robinson, Ida Micheaux Payne, Veatrice M. Micheaux, Swan Micheaux, Gertrude Michaux Cravens Sims, Lawrence Micheaux, William Owen Micheaux, Maude Micheaux Pritchette, Ethel Michaux Wilson, Finis Micheaux

Accomplishments

AwardsDGA Golden Jubilee Special Award
MoviesWithin Our Gates, Body and Soul, The Homesteader, Murder in Harlem, Lying Lips, The Exile, The Symbol of the Unconquered, The Girl from Chicago, Ten Minutes to Live, God's Step Children, Veiled Aristocrats, The Betrayal, The Gunsaulus Mystery, Swing!, A Daughter of the Congo, The Brute, The Wages of...

Social profile links

Facts

#Fact
1He was nominated for the 2014 New Jersey Hall of Fame in the Arts and Entertainment Category.
2Founder/President of Micheaux Film Corp., formed in 1920.
3Cousin of Solveig.
4Biography in: John Wakeman, editor. "World Film Directors, Volume One, 1890-1945". Pages 765-770. New York: The H.W. Wilson Company, 1987.
5Those who worked with him have indicated that he pronounced his last name as "Me-shaw"
6Interred at Great Bend Cemetery, Great Bend, Kansas.
7Received a star on Hollywood Boulevard in 1987.
8Was the first African-American to produce a sound feature film. The Exile (1931)
9Was the first African-American to produce a feature film--The Homesteader (1919).

Movies

Writer

TitleYearStatusCharacter
The Betrayal1948novel "The Wind From Nowhere" / screenplay
The Notorious Elinor Lee1940
Birthright1939writer
Lying Lips1939writer
God's Step Children1938story "Naomi, Negress" / writer
Swing!1938screenplay / story "Mandy"
Underworld1937uncredited
Temptation1935
Murder in Harlem1935novel "The Story of Dorothy Stanfield" - uncredited / screenplay - uncredited
Harlem After Midnight1934
Black Magic1932
Ten Minutes to Live1932adaptation / dialogue / story "Harlem After Midnight"
Veiled Aristocrats1932
The Girl from Chicago1932adaptation / story "Jeff Ballinger's Woman"
The Darktown Revue1931Short
The Exile1931novel "The Conquest" / screenplay
Easy Street1930
A Daughter of the Congo1930
Wages of Sin1929writer
When Men Betray1928writer
Thirty Years Later1928adaptation
The Broken Violin1927adaptation / play "House of Mystery"
The House Behind the Cedars1927
The Millionaire1927novel
The Spider's Web1927
The Conjure Woman1926
The Devil's Disciple1926
Marcus Garland1925
Body and Soul1925novel "Body and Soul" / screenplay
A Son of Satan1924
Birthright1924scenario
The Virgin of Seminole1923writer
Uncle Jasper's Will1922
The Dungeon1922unconfirmed - unconfirmed
The Gunsaulus Mystery1921
The Symbol of the Unconquered1920written by
The Brute1920
Within Our Gates1920written by
The Homesteader1919novel / screenplay

Director

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Thirty Years Later1928
The Broken Violin1927
The House Behind the Cedars1927
The Millionaire1927
The Spider's Web1927
The Conjure Woman1926
The Devil's Disciple1926
Marcus Garland1925
Body and Soul1925
A Son of Satan1924
Birthright1924
The Virgin of Seminole1923
Deceit1923
Uncle Jasper's Will1922
The Dungeon1922
The Hypocrite1921
The Gunsaulus Mystery1921
The Symbol of the Unconquered1920
The Brute1920
Within Our Gates1920
The Homesteader1919
The Betrayal1948
The Notorious Elinor Lee1940
Birthright1939
Lying Lips1939
God's Step Children1938
Swing!1938
Underworld1937
Temptation1935
Murder in Harlem1935uncredited
Harlem After Midnight1934
Phantom of Kenwood1933
Black Magic1932
Ten Minutes to Live1932
Veiled Aristocrats1932
The Girl from Chicago1932
The Darktown Revue1931Short
The Exile1931
Easy Street1930
A Daughter of the Congo1930
Wages of Sin1929
When Men Betray1928

Producer

TitleYearStatusCharacter
The Betrayal1948producer
The Notorious Elinor Lee1940producer
Birthright1939producer
Lying Lips1939producer - uncredited
God's Step Children1938producer
Swing!1938producer
Underworld1937producer
Temptation1935producer
Murder in Harlem1935producer - uncredited
Harlem After Midnight1934producer
Black Magic1932producer
Ten Minutes to Live1932producer
Veiled Aristocrats1932producer
The Girl from Chicago1932producer
The Darktown Revue1931Short producer
The Exile1931producer
Easy Street1930producer
A Daughter of the Congo1930producer
Wages of Sin1929producer
When Men Betray1928producer
Thirty Years Later1928producer
The Broken Violin1927producer
The House Behind the Cedars1927executive producer
The Millionaire1927producer
The Spider's Web1927producer
The Conjure Woman1926producer
The Devil's Disciple1926producer
Marcus Garland1925producer
Body and Soul1925producer
A Son of Satan1924producer
The Virgin of Seminole1923executive producer / producer
Deceit1923producer
Uncle Jasper's Will1922producer
The Gunsaulus Mystery1921producer
The Symbol of the Unconquered1920producer
The Brute1920producer
Within Our Gates1920producer
The Homesteader1919producer

Miscellaneous

TitleYearStatusCharacter
The Gunsaulus Mystery1921presenter
The Symbol of the Unconquered1920presents
Within Our Gates1920presents

Actor

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Murder in Harlem1935Second Detective (uncredited)
Harlem After Midnight1934

Thanks

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Pretty Dudes2016TV Series in memory of - 1 episode
My Dinner with A.J.2011special thanks

Archive Footage

TitleYearStatusCharacter
The Czar of Black Hollywood2014DocumentaryHimself

Awards

Won Awards

YearAwardCeremonyNominationMovie
1987Star on the Walk of FameWalk of FameMotion PictureOn 13 February 1987. At 6721 Hollywood Blvd.
1986Golden Jubilee Special AwardDirectors Guild of America, USA

Source: IMDb, Wikipedia

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