Known for movies

Short Info

DiedDecember 29, 1926, Montreux, Switzerland
SpouseClara Westhoff
FactOne daughter by Clara: Ruth Rilke, born December 12 1901.

Rainer Maria Rilke was born on December 4, 1875, in Prague, Czech Republic, to Josef Rilke and Sophie Entz. His father was a railway official and his mother was a homemaker. He had two sisters, one of whom died in infancy. Rilke was educated at home until the age of 15, when he was sent to a military academy in Vienna. He left the academy after a year, and returned to Prague to study philosophy at Charles University. He did not complete his studies, but his time at the university exposed him to the work of Arthur Schopenhauer, which had a profound influence on his thinking.

In 1899, Rilke traveled to Russia, where he met the poet Nikolai Gumilev and the novelist Leo Tolstoy. The following year, he moved to Paris, where he became acquainted with the work of Paul Cézanne and other modern artists. He also met the sculptor Auguste Rodin, with whom he developed a close friendship.

In 1902, Rilke returned to Germany and settled in Munich. He published his first collection of poems, entitled Leben und Lieder (Life and Songs), that same year. The following year, he married the opera singer Clara Westhoff. The couple had two children, a son named Rafael and a daughter named Ruth.

Rilke’s marriage was unhappy, and he began to spend more and more time away from his family, traveling throughout Europe. In 1912, he met the woman who would become his lifelong companion, the painter Lou Andreas-Salomé. The two began a passionate affair that lasted several years.

In 1914, the outbreak of World War I disrupted Rilke’s life and work. He enlisted in the Austrian army and was sent to the front lines in Italy. He was wounded in 1916 and spent the remainder of the war in a military hospital.

After the war, Rilke returned to Munich. His marriage to Clara Westhoff ended in divorce in 1919. The following year, he published his most famous work, the collection of poems entitled Duino Elegies.

In 1921, Rilke moved to Switzerland, where he lived for the rest of his life. He died of leukemia on December 29, 1926, in Valmont.

Rainer Maria Rilke was one of the most important poets of the 20th century. His lyrical and deeply introspective poems explore themes of love, death, and spirituality. His work has been translated into more than 50 languages and continues to be widely read and studied today.

General Info

Full NameRainer Maria Rilke
DiedDecember 29, 1926, Montreux, Switzerland
ProfessionPoet, Novelist, Art critic
EducationCharles University


SpouseClara Westhoff
ChildrenRuth Rilke
ParentsSophie Entz, Josef Rilke


MoviesThe Cornet, Autumn

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1If your everyday life seems poor to you, do not accuse it. Accuse yourself. Tell yourself you are not poet enough to summon up its riches, since for the Creator there is no poverty and no poor or unimportant place.
2A good marriage is that in which each appoints the other guardian of his solitude.
3It does not occur to anyone to expect a single person to be 'happy', but if he marries people are much surprised if he isn't.
4In artistic work one needs nothing so much as conscience. It is the sole standard.


1One daughter by Clara: Ruth Rilke, born December 12 1901.



There Is No Place That Does Not See You2017Short original story
A Dionysia2015poem "The Duino Elegies"
A sírásó2010short story
Autumn of Youth2009Short poem "Autumn" - as Rilke
Muss ich schreiben?2007TV Movie documentary poem
The City2007Documentary poem
Greater Circulation2005Video
Poem: I Set My Foot Upon the Air and It Carried Me2003poem "Siehe ich wusste es sind..."
Poetry in Motion2001Video short
Roses... Thorns... & Dreams1995Short poem
Requiem for a Friend1991Short book
Gammelion1967novel "Die Aufzeichnungen des Malte Laurids Brigge"
Der Cornet - Die Weise von Liebe und Tod1955book "Die Weise von Liebe und Tod des Cornets Christoph Rilke"


Paul à Québec2015writer: "Dirait-on Les chansons des roses no.5

Source: IMDb, Wikipedia

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