Known for movies
Cesar Chavez was born on March 31, 1927, in Yuma, Arizona. His parents, Librado and Juana Estrada Chavez, were Mexican-American farm workers. Cesar had six brothers and sisters. He attended public schools in Yuma and later dropped out of high school to help support his family.
In 1952, Chavez began working for the Community Service Organization (CSO), a Mexican-American civil rights group. He helped organize farm workers in California and Arizona. In 1962, he founded the National Farm Workers Association (NFWA), which later became the United Farm Workers (UFW).
The UFW used nonviolent methods, such as boycotts and strikes, to improve working conditions for farm workers. Chavez also helped organize the first successful farm workers’ union in the United States. In 1965, he led a grape boycott that lasted five years. The boycott helped the UFW win a contract with grape growers that improved wages and working conditions for farm workers.
In 1968, Chavez went on a hunger strike to protest the use of pesticides on crops. The strike lasted for 25 days and helped raise public awareness of the dangers of pesticides. In the 1970s, Chavez led a nationwide boycott of California table grapes. The boycott lasted for three years and helped the UFW win another contract with grape growers.
Chavez continued to work for the UFW until his death in 1993. He was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1994.
|Full Name||Cesar Chavez|
|Died||April 23, 1993, San Luis, Arizona, United States|
|Profession||Farmworker, Civil rights activist, Trade unionist|
|Spouse||Helen Fabela Chávez|
|Children||Anna Chavez Ybarra, Fernando Chavez, Sylvia Chavez Delgado, Paul Chavez, Linda Chávez Rodríguez, Eloise Chavez Carrillo, Elizabeth Chavez Villarino, Anthony Chavez|
|Parents||Juana Estrada Chavez, Librado Chávez|
|Siblings||Richard Chavez, Rita Chavez Medina, Vicki Chavez Lastra, Librado Chavez|
|Awards||Presidential Medal of Freedom, Pacem in Terris Award, Jefferson Awards for Public Service|
|1||Biography in: "The Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives". Volume 3, 1991-1993, pages 105-107. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2001.|
|2||Brother of Richard Chavez.|
|3||Children: Fernando Chavez, Eloise Chavez Carrillo, Anna Chavez Ybarra, Sylvia Chavez Delgado, Elizabeth Chavez Villarino, Anthony Chavez, Linda Chávez Rodríguez, and Paul Chavez.|
|4||Over 40,000 people attended his funeral in Delano, California.|
|5||Took a 25 day fast in 1968 to affirm UFW's commitment to nonviolence. The late senator Robert F. Kennedy flew to Delano, California to be with Chavez when he ended the fast. He called Chavez "one of the heroic figures of our time."|
|6||Advocated nonviolence a la Mohandas K. Gandhi and Dr. Martin Luther King.|
|7||Founded United Farm Workers in 1966.|
|8||Joined U.S. Navy in 1945. Served in Pacific during end of World War II.|
|9||Posthumously awarded Presidential Medal of Freedom on August 8, 1994 by President Bill Clinton. Only second Mexican American in history to be awarded this honor.|
|The Legacy of Cesar Chavez||2009||Video short|
|Andre: The Voice of Wine||2013||Documentary||Himself|
|The Fight in the Fields||1997||Documentary||Himself|
|Good Night America||1973||TV Series||Himself|
|The David Frost Show||1971||TV Series||Himself|
|The Latin Explosion: A New America||2015||TV Movie documentary||Himself - Labor Leader|
|The Sixties||2014||TV Mini-Series documentary||Himself|
|Cesar Chavez||2014||Himself (uncredited)|
|Cesar's Last Fast||2014||Documentary||Himself|
|California's Gold||2012||TV Series documentary||Himself|
|1968 with Tom Brokaw||2007||TV Movie documentary||Himself|
|The War: Soldados||2007||TV Movie documentary||Himself|
|Chicano! History of the Mexican-American Civil Rights Movement||1996||TV Movie documentary||Himself|
|Simon and Garfunkel: Songs of America||1969||TV Movie||Himself|
Source: IMDb, Wikipedia