Short Info

DiedJuly 9, 1977, Moorestown, New Jersey, United States
FactOrganizer of the 1913 parade in Washington, D.C.


Alice Paul was an American suffragist and women’s rights activist. She was born on January 11, 1885, in Mount Laurel Township, New Jersey. Her parents were William Mickle Paul I and Tacie Parry. She had three sisters: Bessie, Margaret, and Parry. Alice Paul was educated at Moorestown Friends School, a Quaker school in Moorestown, New Jersey. She graduated from Swarthmore College in 1905 with a bachelor’s degree in biology. After graduation, she studied sociology and economics at the University of Pennsylvania. In 1907, she earned a master’s degree in sociology from the University of Pennsylvania.

Alice Paul began her career as a social worker in New York City. In 1909, she moved to England to study at the London School of Economics. While in England, she became involved in the women’s suffrage movement. In 1913, she returned to the United States and founded the National Woman’s Party (NWP). The NWP was a political party that advocated for women’s suffrage. Alice Paul was arrested several times for her activism. In 1917, she was arrested and jailed for picketing outside the White House. While in jail, she went on a hunger strike to protest the conditions of her imprisonment. As a result of her hunger strike, she was force-fed by the prison authorities.

In 1920, the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution was ratified, which granted women the right to vote. After the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment, Alice Paul continued to fight for equal rights for women. In 1923, she wrote the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA), which was introduced in Congress but was not ratified by the required number of states. Alice Paul continued to lobby for the ERA throughout her life. She died on July 9, 1977, at the age of 92.

General Info

Full NameAlice Paul
DiedJuly 9, 1977, Moorestown, New Jersey, United States
ProfessionAuthor, Women's rights activist
EducationAmerican University, Swarthmore College, Washington College of Law, University of Pennsylvania
NationalityAmerican

Family

ParentsTacie Parry Paul, William Mickle Paul
SiblingsWillam Paul, Parry Paul, Helen Paul

Social profile links

Facts

#Fact
1Jailed 3 times in England and 3 times in the U.S.
2Inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame in 1979.
3Influenced charter of the United Nations.
4Organizer of the 1913 parade in Washington, D.C.
5Author of the Equal Rights Amendment.
6Founder of the Congressional Union for Woman Suffrage and the National Woman's Party.
7Chief strategist for the militant suffrage wing.
8Pictured on a 78¢ US definitive postage stamp in the Great Americans series, issued 18 August 1995.

Source: IMDb, Wikipedia

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