Complex stream-of-consciousness writing style, multilingual puns, non-use of hyphens.
He was the eldest of 10 children.
James Joyce was born on February 2, 1882, in Dublin, Ireland. His father, John Joyce, was a civil servant, and his mother, Mary Jane Murray, was a homemaker. Joyce had ten siblings, seven of whom died in infancy. He was educated at Clongowes Wood College, a Jesuit boarding school, and Belvedere College, a day school. He then attended University College Dublin, where he studied modern languages and literature.
Joyce began his career as a journalist and writer in 1904. He moved to Paris in 1907, where he met his future wife, Nora Barnacle. They had two children together, Giorgio and Lucia. In 1914, Joyce returned to Dublin with his family. He published his first novel, “A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man,” in 1916.
In 1918, Joyce moved to Zurich, Switzerland, with his family. He published his most famous work, “Ulysses,” in 1922. The novel was banned in the United States and the United Kingdom for its sexually explicit content. In 1923, Joyce moved to Paris with his family. He published his final novel, “Finnegans Wake,” in 1939.
Joyce died of a brain hemorrhage on January 13, 1941, in Zurich. He was buried in the Fluntern Cemetery.
Joyce’s net worth at the time of his death was $4 million (equivalent to $68 million in 2019).
January 13, 1941, Zürich, Switzerland
Author, Poet, Novelist
University College Dublin, Belvedere College, Clongowes Wood College
Lucia Joyce, George Joyce
John Stanislaus Joyce, Mary Jane Murray
Stanislaus Joyce, May Kathleen Joyce, Florence Joyce, Eva May Joyce, Mabel Joyce, Margaret Alice Joyce, Chales Patrick Joyce, Eileen Joyce, George Alfred Joyce
Bloom, I'm Going Home, The Dead, James Joyce's Women, A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, Ulysses, Uliisses, Passages from Finnegan’s Wake